Continuity of Operations and Continuity of Government
All Hands Continuity of Operations and Continuity of Government services are based on the belief that COOP and COG plans should be developed as part of a Comprehensive Emergency Management Program using a planning process based on federal guidance, industry standards, and best practices in emergency management and continuity planning.
COOP and COG plans should detail all of the procedures that define how a government and the community will continue or recover its minimum essential functions in the event of a disaster.
Essential functions are generally understood to mean those functions that must be performed to achieve the jurisdiction’s critical missions. Each jurisdiction must inventory and prioritize all of its functions and determine which ones are truly essential. Specific plans must then be developed and resourced to ensure continuity of each function. Managers will use these plans to ensure that there is minimum disruption to their service delivery in the event of a disaster or other major interruption to services.