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All Hands Continuity of Operations and Continuity of Government services are based on the belief that COOP and COG plans should be developed as part of a Comprehensive Emergency Management Program using a planning process based on federal guidance, industry standards, and best practices in emergency management and continuity planning.

COOP and COG plans should detail all of the procedures that define how a government and the community will continue or recover its minimum essential functions in the event of a disaster.

Essential functions are generally understood to mean those functions that must be performed to achieve the jurisdiction’s critical missions. Each jurisdiction must inventory and prioritize all of its functions and determine which ones are truly essential. Specific plans must then be developed and resourced to ensure continuity of each function. Managers will use these plans to ensure that there is minimum disruption to their service delivery in the event of a disaster or other major interruption to services.

Capabilities Assessment

We have developed a complete COOP Capabilities Assessment tool to address the elements of a comprehensive COOP Program. Based on current federal guidance, industry standards, and best practices, we have described over 400 requirements, organized into 15 sections representing the elements of an effective COOP Program:

  1. Plans and Procedures
  2. Essential Functions Defined
  3. Delegations of Authority
  4. Orders of Succession
  5. Alternate Facilities Identified
  6. Communications and Warning
  7. Protection of Vital Records and Databases
  8. Testing, Training, and Exercises
  9. COOP Implementation
  10. Roles and Responsibilities
  11. Update, Distribution, and Communication of Plan
  12. Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment
  13. Mitigation and Countermeasures
  14. Logistics
  15. Command and Control


A COOP Assessment should be conducted to assess operational capabilities and to identify gaps and support a strategic planning process. The assessment should be designed to serve as a basis for actions that need to be taken in order to strengthen the COOP program. The assessment results will assist a local government in establishing priorities and analyzing program performance to improve the quality of the program.

COOP and COG Planning

Our COOP and COG services focus on the jurisdiction’s ability to perform minimum essential government functions during any situation. COOP plans should be constructed as part of a complete community emergency management program, and as such, should be included in a Comprehensive Emergency Management Program (CEMP) process, which utilizes an “all hazards” approach and addresses the four phases of emergency management (mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery.) COOP programs build upon existing programs for critical infrastructure protection, business continuity, and (computer) disaster recovery planning.

COOP, and COG plans must be tightly integrated. Together, as part of a CEMP, COOP and COG planning will ensure essential community services in the face of any threat. An integrated COOP and CEMP approach should leverage these existing programs and include all essential government operations as well as those essential functions performed by community-based organizations.

All Hands consultants are experienced in both continuity or operations and comprehensive emergency management. We are uniquely qualified to provide COOP and COG planning services.